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State Data

Higher education in the U.S. benefits from the participation of immigrant and international students. First and second-generation individuals comprise 28% of all students enrolled in higher education, a growing figure that underscores the importance of immigrant-origin students in the classroom and our workforce.

All Students in Higher Education in Michigan541,000
First-Generation Immigrant Students35,000
Second-Generation Immigrant Students51,000
International Students31,408

Note: First-generation immigrants were born abroad and immigrated to the U.S. Second-generation immigrants are U.S.-born individuals with at least one immigrant parent. First-generation immigrants include undocumented immigrants. First-generation immigrants do not include international students on a visa.

The U.S. is home to more than 427,000 undocumented students enrolled in higher education. In their pursuit of higher education, undocumented students actively ready themselves to fill critical skill shortages and become better positioned to support their families, communities, and the U.S. economy.

Share of All Students in Higher Education Who Are Undocumented1.0%

Note: Undocumented students are a sub-group of first-generation students.

International students comprise only 5.5 percent of all students in higher education, but provide significant economic, academic and cultural contributions that enrich learning, enrollment and funding opportunities for American students.

International Students in Higher Education31,408
Economic Contributions of International Students in the State$1.1 billion
Jobs Supported by International Students in the State12,281
Optional Practical Training (OPT) Participants7,840

Note: Optional Practical Training participants are a subgroup of international students.

Immigrant residents, including undocumented immigrants and DACA-eligible residents, play an important role in the state's economy, contributing spending power and paying federal, state, and local taxes.

All Immigrant Residents in Michigan678,255
Immigrant Share of Total Population6.8%
Undocumented Immigrants in State108,105
DACA-Eligible Residents in State11,271
Spending Power of DACA-Eligible Residents$223.7 million
DACA-Eligible Residents Federal Tax Contributions$38.4 million
DACA-Eligible Residents State and Local Tax Contributions$27.3 million

Note: DACA-eligible residents are a sub-group of undocumented immigrant residents.

Higher education helps prepare all students, including immigrant and international students, to fill critical career and skills needs.

State Immigrant Workers Fill Critical Skills Needs
Share of STEM Workers Who Are First-Generation Immigrants18%
Share of Nurses Who Are First-Generation Immigrants7.2%
Share of Health Aides Who Are First-Generation Immigrants5.7%
First-Generation Immigrant Faculty and Staff in Colleges, Universities and Professional Schools27,283

Note: First-generation immigrants were born abroad and immigrated to the U.S.

You can find additional state data, including by congressional district, in the following resources by immigrant population (NAE) and international students (NAFSA).

State Policies

Evaluating Access for Undocumented Students

State policies in four key areas – in state tuition, state financial aid, professional and occupational licensure, and driver licenses – play an important role in expanding access to higher education and workforce development for undocumented students.

  • In-State Tuition & State Financial Aid Access and Affordability

    Limited: Policies provide the state’s undocumented students, including DACA recipients, with access to in-state or reduced tuition in at least some public institutions.

  • Professional & Occupational Licensure Workforce Entry & Eligibility

    No State Policy: No policies identified that actively expand access to occupational licensure for individuals who do not have legal immigration status.

  • Driver Licenses & Identification Mobility

    Restrictive: Policies do not provide the state's undocumented residents with access to driver licenses and state identification, but DACA recipients can still obtain a driver's license or state identification card.

Enacted Policies

Michigan provides eligible undocumented residents, including DACA recipients, with access to in-state tuition at some public colleges and universities.

Michigan does not provide undocumented residents with access to state financial aid, professional and occupational licensure, or driver licenses and state identification.

 

In-State Tuition

Michigan does not have statewide policies that expand access to in-state tuition to the state’s undocumented students.

However, the governing boards of several public universities and community colleges, including the University of Michigan, have exercised their constitutional autonomy and formally adopted in-state tuition for undocumented students and DACA recipients. The Eastern Michigan University Board of Regents approved a tuition equity policy that establishes the same tuition cost for in-state, out-of-state, or out-of-country undergraduate students, including undocumented, DACA recipient, and refugee students.

Other colleges and universities may maintain informal tuition policies that allow undocumented students to access in-state tuition.

State Financial Aid

Michigan does not appear to have policies regarding access to state financial aid for undocumented students.

Professional & Occupational Licensure

Michigan does not appear to have legislation that affirmatively extends occupational and professional licensure to undocumented individuals, including DACA recipients.

Driver Licenses

Undocumented immigrants in Michigan do not have access to a driver license or state identification card.

DACA recipients in Michigan are allowed to obtain a driver license or state identification card.

Effective Practices and State Resources

Spotlight on effective practices and policy, research, or community-based state resources.

  • Research

    Undocumented Students in Higher Education (Updated March 2021)

    More than 427,000 undocumented students in the U.S. are enrolled in higher education, including 181,000 DACA-eligible individuals.

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  • Effective Practice

    An Undocumented Student Guide To College in Michigan

    This guide, created by a number of Michigan community organizations, is designed to help undocumented students and their families by providing resources available for undocumented students interested in pursuing higher education.

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